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Abstract: The presentation focuses on the problem fields defined by the questions:

  • Has multiculturalism failed?
  • Is multiculturalism harmful?
  • Is multiculturalism dangerous?
  • How can we respond to the complexity and challenges of pluralism, and strike a proper balance with regard to coexisting in the living present?

An in-depth scrutiny (and proper scientific explanation!) of a given phenomenon would not be possible without problematizing the said phenomenon. This can be done by asking how the object of our study – in this case, multiculturalism – is possible? The answer to this question would illuminate the direction of analysis and provide a framework for the arguments on the basis of which diversity may be recognized as a fundamental value and basic principle requiring the mutual recognition, equal standing, and equal value of the knowledge, skills and attitudes involved in social co-participation with that which is different.    

The various European countries have taken very different paths. These differences, however, do not reduce, or revoke, the need for an on-going discussion on multiculturalism  –  foremost, and particularly, in its political dimension, which includes distribution of power and access to resources.

Keywords: multiculturalism, nation, identity, integration, diversity, dialog, globalization

Assoc. Prof. Veselin Bosakov, PhD